Course: Introduction to Philosophy

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Course title Introduction to Philosophy
Course code KFHS/KB311
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 2
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Kroupa Daniel, Mgr. Ph.D.
  • Konrádová Veronika, Mgr. Ph.D.
  • Hoblík Jiří, doc. Mgr. Ph.D.
  • Chotaš Jiří, PhDr. Ing. Ph.D.
  • Moural Josef, doc. RNDr. CSc.
  • Nitsche Martin, doc. Mgr. Ph.D.
  • Peroutka David, ThLic. Ph.D.
  • Pokorný Vít, Mgr. Ph.D.
  • Šimsa Martin, PhDr. Ph.D.
  • Fišerová Michaela, doc. Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Introduction: Why to deal with philosophical thinking. Definition of the subject, the position of philosophy in the cultural horizon of the European civilization. 2. What is philosophy: The meaning and mission of philosophy, the way of philosophical asking of questions, the historical beginnings of philosophy. 3. Reality: Ontology as a philosophical discipline that deals with the general characteristics of reality or "being as being". Historical overview of the basic possibilities of philosophical interpretation of reality. 4. Knowledge: Possibilities and limits of knowledge, basic problems of epistemology as a philosophical discipline, turn to the subject. 5. Language and logic: Basic concepts, origin and development of logic. Analytical philosophy. 6. Science and truth: Truth as a philosophical problem. Philosophy and theory of science. 7. Philosophical anthropology: Types of anthropology. Man as a philosophical problem. Establishment of anthropology as a philosophical discipline. 8. Ethics: Acting, good and evil, the problem of free will. Basic overview of the history of ethics. The role of ethics in terms of various diagnoses today. 9. Philosophy of politics and law: The political dimension of philosophical thinking. The problem of human rights and the legitimacy of power. Basic political-legal terminology. 10. Philosophy and God: God as a philosophical problem. Evidence of the existence of God. Atheism. 11. Modern philosophy: A new beginning in philosophy, characteristic topics of modern philosophy, the relationship between philosophy and practice, a new picture of the world. 12. Contemporary philosophy: Overview of contemporary philosophical trends, specifics of modern philosophy in comparison with previous epochs. Paradigm shift. 13. Spare hour

Learning activities and teaching methods
unspecified, unspecified
Learning outcomes
The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the nature of philosophy and the way of philosophical thinking. The course provides a basic orientation in the history of philosophy and philosophical systematics; introduces students to professional terminology and introduces basic philosophical problems. The theoretical explanation is supplemented by work with the text and discussion which allows students a better orientation in the subject. The teaching alternates between individual lecturers who are specialists in the given topics.
The student will gain the following professional knowledge: - can characterize the specifics of philosophy as an independent discipline - can use technical terminology - can clarify basic philosophical concepts - distinguishes the main directions of philosophical questioning - is able to characterize selected philosophical problems in individual areas of philosophical research - can place the most important problems of individual philosophical disciplines in the historical context.

Assessment methods and criteria
A written test Additional requirements: 75% participation
Recommended literature
  • ANZENBACHER, A. Úvod do filosofie. Praha, 1991. ISBN 8004260381.
  • BENYOVSZKY, L., a kol. Úvod filosofie. Praha, 1992. ISBN 978-80-7380-040-6.
  • Fischer, O. et. al. Úvod do filosofie pro pomáhající profese. Praha, 2010.
  • Jaspers, K. Úvod do filosofie, Oikúmené, Praha. 1996.
  • PETŘÍČEK, M. Úvod do (současné) filosofie. Praha, 1997.
  • STÖRIG, H. J. Malé dějiny filosofie. Praha, 2007. ISBN 978-80-7195-206-0.
  • TRETERA, I. Nástin dějin evropského myšlení. Praha ? Litomyšl, 2006. ISBN 80-7185-819-6.
  • VANĚK, J. Filosofie a kultura v evropských dějinách. Praha, 2007. ISBN 978-80-8694-647-4.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester