Course: Topics in Ancient Philosophy: Pre-Socratic Philosophers

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Course title Topics in Ancient Philosophy: Pre-Socratic Philosophers
Course code KFHS/B316
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Seminary
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 2
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Konrádová Veronika, Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Introduction to the topic. 2. Homer's conception of the soul; psyché and labelling of mental functions. 3. The concept of the soul in the Orphic-Pythagorean circle, the idea of reincarnation; the beginnings of the philosophical conception of the soul in the pre-Socratic tradition; shaping the concept of the soul in Heraclitus. 4. Establishment of the classical conception of the soul as a conscious centre of human personality in Plato: soul and body, soul and areté, care of the soul. 5. The internal structure of the soul and its image in the dialogue Republic (Resp. 439a-441c, 588b-590d). 6. The internal structure of the soul and its image in the dialogue Faidros (Phdr. 245c-246d, 253c-254e). 7. Soul and death, soul and immortality: proofs of immortality of the soul in the dialogue Faidón, posthumous destinies of the soul in eschatological myths in the dialogues Gorgias, Faidón and the Republic. 8. The soul in the cosmos, the world soul in the dialogue of Timaios and Laws. 9. Aristotelian psychology: the structure of the soul in Nikomach's Ethics (Eth. Nic. 1102a-1103a; 1139a). 10. Souls and areté: character and intellectual prominences. 11. The dimension of the soul in the work On the Soul, the relationship between the soul and the body: the soul as a form and entelecheia. 12. The activities of the soul (De an. III, 8-10). 13. Final summary.

Learning activities and teaching methods
unspecified, unspecified, unspecified
Learning outcomes
The aim of the course is to acquaint students in a more detailed and deeper way with the partial areas of philosophical thinking in antiquity. The content of the course is varied; the selected topics focus on a systematic interpretation of a selected philosophical problem and reflect contemporary Czech and international research. The work in the course is based on the reading and interpretation of relevant primary texts and the study of accompanying interpretations of secondary literature which students process in the form of papers. The offered topic is "The concept of the soul in antiquity". The course will focus on the formation of the concept of the soul in the literary and philosophical tradition from Homer to Aristotle. The main attention will be paid to the Platonic and Aristotelian conception of the soul. For both authors, the course follows the issue of the soul both in the ethical context and in the ontological and cosmological context.
Learning outcomes: the student will gain the following professional knowledge: - can characterize selected philosophical problems and place them in a historical context - can read and interpret primary philosophical texts - can analyse the philosophical problems raised in the text and discuss them - is able to orientate in professional interpretive literature - is able to relate the knowledge gained by reading the text to the theoretical knowledge from lectures

Assessment methods and criteria
The condition for obtaining the credit is a written and orally presented paper on professional secondary literature (Czech or foreign language), alternatively a seminar paper on a given topic using primary and secondary literature. Additional requirements: 75% active participation.
Recommended literature
  • Aristotelés. Etika Nikomachova. Praha, 1996.
  • Aristotelés. O duši. Praha, 1996.
  • Bleicken J. Athénská demokracie. Praha, 2002.
  • Graeser, A. Řecká filosofie klasického období, Oikúmené, Praha. 2000.
  • Chlup, R. Pojetí duše v náboženských tradicích světa. Praha, 2007.
  • Jirsa, J. (ed.). Rozum, ctnosti a duše. Praha, 2010.
  • Karfík, F. Duše a svět. Praha, 2007.
  • Oesterreich, P. L. Podoby veřejného rozumu. Filosofičtí učitelé v prostoru politiky.. Praha, 2013.
  • Platón. Sebrané spisy. Praha, 2003. ISBN 80-7298-067-X.
  • Pokorný, M. (ed.). Hérakleitos z Efesu. Zkušenost a řeč. Praha, 2008.
  • Ricken, F. Antická filosofie. Olomouc, 1999. ISBN 80-7182-092-X.
  • Synek, S. Duše jako místo dění světa. Studie k pojetí (lidské) duše u Aristotela. Praha, 2014.
  • Szlezák, T. A. Za co vděčí Evropa Řekům. O základech naší kultury v řecké antice. Praha, 2014. ISBN 978-80-7298-496-1.
  • Špinka, Š. Duše a krása v dialogu Faidros. Praha, 2009.
  • Špinka, Š. Duše a zlo v dialogu Faidón. Praha, 2009.
  • Vernant, J.-P. (ed.). Řecký člověk a jeho svět. Praha, 2005. ISBN 80-7021-731-6.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester