Course: Physical Chemistry

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Course title Physical Chemistry
Course code KCH/P621
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course unspecified
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Nezbeda Ivo, prof. RNDr. DrSc.
  • Škvorová Magda, Ing. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Some paragraphs from thermodynamics 2. Backgrounds of statistical thermodynamics 3. Surface tension, measurement, correlation 4. Viscosity, measurement, correlation 5. Adsorption, measurement, Langmuir and BET isotherms 6. Chemical Equilibrium, influence of temperature, pressure, equilibrium in biochemistry 7. Electrochemistry, electrochem. processes 8. Chemical kinetics, homo- and heterogeneous catalysis, in biochemistry 9. Colloid chemistry, sedimentation, membranes 10. Ionic liquids ? their possible application 11. Heterogeneous systems, nano-particles, nanotubes, fibres

Learning activities and teaching methods
Learning outcomes
Chemistry and Physical Chemistry. Development Molecule, atom, Avogadro's numer. Temperature, pressure, basic units in SI. State behavior State behavior of gases. Perfect (ideal) gas, its equation of state. Real gas. Virial expansion. Van der Wals equation of state. Theorem of the corresponding states. Generalized diagram of the compressibility faktor. Liquid phase. Density. Coexisting curve. Surface tension. Solid phase. Backgrounds of thermodynamics. The zeroth, first, second and third laws of thermodynamics. The first law of thermodynamics. Molar heat capacities. Reaction heat. Joule-Thompson coefficient. The second law of thermodynamics. Efficiency of the heat engine. Entropy increase principle. Gibbs and Helmholtz energy. Useful work.. Introduction to statistical thermodynamics. Probability of a quantum state. Partition function. Thermodynamic function of the perfect gas. Solution of perfekt gases. Phase equilibria of pure compounds. Chemical potential. Liquid-vapor equilibrium, equilibrium solid-liquid and solid-vapor, Clapeyron equation, semi-empirical equation. Phase diagram. Phase equilibria of mixtures. Molar quantities and partial molar quantities. Laws of Raoult and Henry. Vapor-liquid equilibrium. Distillation and rectification. Phase diagrams of mixtures. Liquid-liquid equilibrium. Chemical Equilibrium. Chemical potential of a component. Equilibrium constant, its dependence on temperature. Chemical equilibrium in the gas and liquid phases. Electrolytes. Termodynamic functions in electrolytic systems. Dissociation, its degree. Hydrolysis of salts, pH, Henderson -Hasselbach equation. Nernst equation. Galvanic cells. Accumulators, fuell cells. Chemical kinetics. Reaction order. Half-time of a reaction. Temperature dependence of k. [Simultaneous reactions, catalysis].


Assessment methods and criteria
Recommended literature
  • Novák J. Fyzikální chemie I. FCHI VŠCHT Praha., 1999.
  • Söhnel O. Fyzikální chemie I. PF UJEP Ústí nad Labem, 2002.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester